Washington, DC Profile: Facts & Data


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Washington, Washington, D.C. - Basic Facts

The primary coordinate point for Washington is located at latitude 38.8951 and longitude -77.0364 in District of Columbia Neighborhood. The formal boundaries for the City of Washington encompass a land area of 61.14 sq. miles and a water area of 7.19 sq. miles. District of Columbia Neighborhood is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5).

The City of Washington has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "N" which identifies a NONFUNCTIONING LEGAL ENTITY.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Washington 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Washington (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Washington, D.C. Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Washington, D.C. Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, neighborhood, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2023, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Washington, DC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 700,690 (100%)
Population in Households 660,008 (94.2%)
Population in Families 397,692 (56.8%)
Population in Group Quarters1 40,682 ( 5.8%)
Population Density 11,463
Diversity Index2 73


Median Household Income $94,961
Average Household Income $155,931
% of Income for Mortgage4 43%
Per Capita Income $72,021
Wealth Index5 125
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Moderate (48.2)


Total HU (Housing Units) 365,256 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 133,474 (36.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 188,058 (51.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 43,724 (12.0%)
Median Home Value $682,901
Average Home Value $798,666
Housing Affordability Index3 59


Total Households 321,532
Average Household Size 2.05
Family Households 129,921
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population 0.49% 0.58%
Households 0.89% 0.98%
Families   0.92%
Median Household Income   2.07%
Per Capita Income   2.96%
Owner Occupied HU   1.28%

Washington, DC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Washington to the other 1 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Washington, D.C. by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 1 100th
Median Household Income # 1 100th
Housing Affordability Index # 1 100th
Per Capita Income # 1 100th
Diversity Index # 1 100th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Washington, D.C. Census Data Comparison Tool.

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Washington, D.C. Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare Washington, D.C. July 1, 2023 Data
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