Washington, DC Profile: Facts & Data


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Washington, Washington, D.C. - Basic Facts

The primary coordinate point for Washington is located at latitude 38.8951 and longitude -77.0364 in District of Columbia Neighborhood. The formal boundaries for the City of Washington encompass a land area of 61.14 sq. miles and a water area of 7.19 sq. miles. District of Columbia Neighborhood is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 23 feet.

The City of Washington (GNIS ID: 2390665) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "N" which identifies a NONFUNCTIONING LEGAL ENTITY.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Washington: Federal Capital, Federal City, Federal Town, Nations Capital, Ranatakariáhshne, Rome, Territory of Columbia, Washington City.

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  1. Washington 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Washington (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Washington, D.C. Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Washington, D.C. Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, neighborhood, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2019, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Washington, DC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)


Total Population 702,321
Population in Households 662,386
Population in Familes 392,034
Population in Group Qrtrs 39,935
Population Density2 11,488
Diversity Index3 70


Median Household Income $82,381
Average Household Income $125,544
Per Capita Income $55,846


Total Housing Units 337,160 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 128,248 (38.0%)
Renter Occupied HU 182,980 (54.3%)
Vacant Housing Units 25,932 ( 7.7%)
Median Home Value $654,818
Average Home Value $766,213


Total Households 311,228
Average Household Size 2.13
Family Households 128,650
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2019 2019-2024
Population 1.69% 1.33%
Households 1.68% 1.34%
Families 1.44% 1.18%
Median Household Income   2.8%
Per Capita Income   2.54%

Washington, DC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Washington to the other 1 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Washington, D.C. by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density1 # 1 100th
Diversity Index2 # 1 100th
Median Household Income # 1 100th
Per Capita Income # 1 100th

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Washington, D.C. Census Data Comparison Tool